Demonstration of Biomass supply system using miscanthus
Thursday, May 1, 2014: 4:25 PM
Grand Ballroom F-G, lobby level (Hilton Clearwater Beach)
Bon-Cheol Koo, Bioenergy Crop Research Center, National Institute of Crop Science, Muan-kun, South Korea
Starch based bioethanol had been concerned with transportation fuel in Korea, and demonstration program for the starch based bioethanol supply was already done.  However, starch based bioethanol production in Korea couldn’t be industrialized, caused by competition with food use, economic efficiency and negative public opinion for using food source to make transportation fuel. 

Korean government have recently decided that power plant should accept Renewable portfolio standard(RPS), which is supply duty of renewable energy for electricity was introduced from 2012 and refiners should accept Renewable Fuel standard(RFS), which is supply duty of renewable energy for transportation energy. There are bigger controversies for  how to introduce those rules to Korea.  That’s why bioenergy production from biomass became a big issue for Korean people.  How to develop the best varieties or crop of biomass and construct the supply chain for those feedstocks produced economically, would be the most important part of bioenergy industry.  

Demonstration of miscanthus cultivation have been done in Kumgang area in 2011~2013.  Total area of miscanthus ‘Geodae#1’ was 148ha, miscanthus grew up successfully up to now.   Products of miscanthus will be harvested in beginning of 2015, used for energy, construction material, paper and mushroom badge.  

BCRC suggested supply plan of bioethanol for replacing 3% of gasoline consumption in Korea; those supply are composed to 40%of barley or wheat, 10% of miscanthus, 50% of agricultural by-products.  For that strategy, cultivation area of miscanthus should be up to 5 thousand ha.  Action plan for that target is going to be prepared