Tuesday, May 1, 2012
Napoleon Ballroom C-D, 3rd fl (Sheraton New Orleans)
Government in different parts of the world have responded to the current situation by formulating policy to improve energy security, not only because of depleting fossil resource, but also implementing diversity of energy source. Utilization abundant renewable energy resources can increase the security of energy supply. One of the abundant renewable energy resources in Indonesia is palm oil. This study analyses the environmental and economic feasibility of utilizing palm biodiesel in the Indonesian power generation sector. Three scenarios were created by projecting the demand and environmental impact as well as GHG emissions reduction over the next 25 years. The first scenario subjects on current energy policy, while the second scenario is to use the large scale of palm biodiesel in the Indonesian power generation sector, and the third scenario is the blue scenario, to converge and optimize natural gas utilization in the power sector. In the environmental section, avoided emissions of Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, Sulfur Dioxide, Nitrogen Oxides, Particulate Matter and Volatile Organic Compounds were estimated for each scenario. In the economic section, a cost-benefit and externality analysis of each scenario was implemented, and resource analysis of palm biodiesel was also estimated.